Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Outline the Inequality Problems That Persist in Terms of Pay for Men and Women.

Wikipedia The Equal Pay Act 1970 is an Act of the United Kingdom Parliament which restricts any less good treatment among people as far as pay and states of business. It was passed by Parliament in the fallout of the 1968 Ford sewing mechanics strike[1][2][3][4] and came into power on 29 December 1975. The term pay is deciphered from a wide perspective to incorporate, on compensation, things like occasions, benefits rights, organization advantages and a few sorts of rewards. The enactment has been altered on various ongoing events to fuse a streamlined methodology under European Union law that is normal to all part states. Equivalent compensation for ladies is an issue with respect to pay imbalance among people. It is regularly brought into local legislative issues in numerous first world nations as a monetary issue that needs administrative mediation by means of guideline. The Equal Remuneration Convention requires its more than 160 states gatherings to have equivalent compensation for people. A report charged by the International Trade Union Confederation in 2008 shows that, in view of their study of 63 nations, there is a critical sex pay hole of 15. 6 %. Barring Bahrain, where a positive hole of 40% is appeared (due potentially to low female investment in paid work), the worldwide figure is 16. 5%. Ladies who are occupied with work in the casual economy have not been remembered for these figures. In general, all through the world, the figures for the sexual orientation pay hole go from 13% to 23%. The report found that ladies are frequently instructed similarly high as men, or to a more elevated level yet â€Å"higher training of ladies doesn't really prompt a littler compensation hole, notwithstanding, at times the hole really increments with the degree of training obtained†. The report additionally contends that this worldwide sex pay hole isn't because of absence of preparing or skill with respect to ladies since â€Å"the pay hole in the European Union part states increments with age, long stretches of administration and education†. [4][5] www. employeebenefits. co. uk/thing/11642/pg_dtl_art†¦/pg_ftr_art †¢Under the Equality Act 2010, businesses can no longer utilize mystery provisos to keep representatives from talking about compensation rates. †¢According to figures from the Office of National Statistics, the middle sex pay hole for all day laborers in the private division is 20. %. †¢Employers can distinguish any compensation hole by means of pay reviews and occupation assessments. †¢Issues making it hard for ladies to get the chance to top employments ought to be handled. Hurray answers; expect you utilize 7 ladies and 7 men, no different age, and you pay them no different compensation for a similar activity.. at tha t point 3 of the ladies reveal to you that they need to leave, to have a youngster.. you need to pay them â€Å"maternity leave† and hold their activity open, on the off chance that they need to return, after they have had their youngster.. t costs you a fortune to utilize 3 others, and the pregnant ladies also.. thus, do you pay them equivalent to a man.. who won't cost you the equivalent regardless of whether their better half gets pregnant.. or on the other hand do you pay the men more, since they won't leave.. or on the other hand do you simply utilize men, and afterward you don't have the issue in any case !! http://www. tuc. organization. uk/uniformity/tuc-14435-f0. pdf Explaining the sex pay hole There have been various examinations that have utilized factual demonstrating procedures to clarify why we have a sexual orientation pay hole. (By and large, spend less of their professions than men in all day occupations, more in low maintenance employments and have more interferences to their vocations for childcare and other family duties. 18 percent is brought about by work showcase rigidities, including sexual orientation isolation and the way that ladies are more probable work for little firms and more averse to work in unionized firms. †¢ 38 percent is brought about by direct segregation and ladies and men’s diverse profession inclinations and intentions (some of which are thusly the consequence of separation). †¢ 8 percent is the aftereffect of the way that more seasoned ladies had more unfortunate instructive accomplishment. Another method of disclosing the holes is to dissect the issue as far as three wide topics: †¢ Under-esteeming of women’s work †¢ A business punishment for moms Gender isolation http://get together. coe. int/records/workingdocs/doc05/edoc10484. htm C. The compe nsation hole 17. There are a few measurements to the issue of the pay hole: First, there is the exemplary instance of a man and a lady doing the very same activity (regardless of whether in a manufacturing plant or on the financial exchange floor), however the lady being saved money on it. This used to be a typical issue, particularly in Western Europe, and numerous nations have prohibited this sort of compensation separation †there even exists an ILO Convention intended to take out it21, going back to 1951, just as a 1975 European Council Directive22. Be that as it may, as a few ongoing examinations close, even this sort of great pay separation continues in numerous nations, which provoked the European Commission to give a (non-official) â€Å"Code of Practice on the execution of equivalent compensation for work of equivalent estimation of ladies and men† as of late as 199623. For instance, an Eurostat investigation of 2003 indicated that the normal profit of ladies in all day work in the EU (around then, of 15 part states) remained at just 70-90% of those of men. Also, the 2004 UNIFEM study I referenced in the past section shows that the yearly normal profit of ladies in the year 2000 remained at 73. 28% of men’s in the Czech Republic, 79. 96% in Poland, 75. 01% in Slovakia and 88. 82% in Slovenia24. 18. Second, ladies are frequently paid not as much as men for work of equivalent worth. This kind of separation is generally founded on â€Å"horizontal word related isolation by sex†. For instance, the degree of training and experience required to work in a specific activity may be the equivalent, yet ladies are saved money (e. . escorts/cab drivers are generally paid more than cleaners or receptionists). In certain nations, wage levels have gone down in specific callings when an ever increasing number of ladies enter them (for instance, specialists and educators in Central and Eastern Europe). 2002 information refered to by Mrs Leitao identifying with the normal pay of ladies working all day contrasted and that of men in similar c onditions show that, in the 18 nations secured by an ongoing European overview, the normal distinction, to ladies' drawback, is till around 20%, with wage separation in the exacting sense being assessed at 15%25. Different other global investigations have demonstrated that around 33% of the female-male compensation differential is because of word related isolation by sex, and that around 10 to 30% of the sexual orientation pay hole remains â€Å"unexplained† †I. e. due to discrimination26. 19. In the Central and Eastern European nations, certain callings have â€Å"gained† the implication of being feminized as these callings (the previously mentioned instructors, medical attendants and so forth are ruled by ladies. In any case, even these callings are exceptionally isolated †in spite of the fact that ladies represent over 70% everything being equal, there is relatively a bigger number of men school chiefs. This is all the time the consequence of a â€Å"reve rse action†, when the requirement for additional men in the calling is felt, and therefore their compensation rise and advancement is quicker. At the point when we contrast it with the circumstance in legislative issues, where there are a greater number of men than ladies, the general public doesn't feel any comparative need. 20. By and large, than men in the course of their life (and hence get littler annuities when they resign). Notwithstanding the two components referenced above, there are a few other potential clarifications for this wonder: Women work less during their lifetime (figuring times of maternity leave and low maintenance work) †and ladies have to a lesser extent a profession, as they are frequently victimized with regards to advancements to higher-gaining posts27: this is generally called â€Å"vertical word related isolation by sex†. As the ILO brings up: â€Å"Women’s lower instructive fulfillments and discontinuous vocation ways are not, in spite of customary conviction, the fundamental explanation behind sexual orientation differentials in pay. Different variables, for example, word related isolation, one-sided pay structures and employment characterization frameworks, and decentralized or feeble aggregate bartering, have all the earmarks of being increasingly significant determinants of disparities in pay. †28 21. Aside from women’s lower benefits, it is critical to see the tight interrelation of female length of life and feminization of destitution: since ladies live more, for some time of their life, they share their annuity with their accomplice; notwithstanding, when he passes on, they are left to live on their benefits which is generally much settle for what is most convenient option. One model associated with women’s benefits is annuity protection †as ladies live more and despite the fact that they by and large acquire less, to achieve a last entirety like men they are required to pay higher aggregates for their month to month benefits protection. 2. Besides, financial downturns frequently influence ladies more than men most definitely (numerous organizations lamentably still accept that it is increasingly essential to keep a male â€Å"breadwinner† in business), and women’s needs or the assurance to continue working along these lines drives them to ackno wledge levels of pay not consonant with the standards of equity and reasonableness or discourages them from announcing instances of separation because of a paranoid fear of losing their positions. This is the reason, as Mrs Leitao effectively

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The Food (Grocery) Industry Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words - 11

The Food (Grocery) Industry - Essay Example From this paper obviously there is a wide spread financial downturn that requires investigation of outside variables influencing organizations the same number of them are shutting down because of this. As an administration specialist, I will help the United Kingdom’s basic food item industry to asses its present seriousness and its full scale natural position in order to have the option to help with settling on choice about the potential methodologies to be applied in future A ton of organizations are wandering in UK basic food item industry, in the year 2001, the quantity of goods was high and their employable normal worth was assessed to be Around 103.4 billion pounds. The food business has become the center undertaking of numerous general stores and use on food stuff in the UK; this development has been consistent since 1990. Experts have found out that the food business could be the main business that is passive verification. None the less, the non food articles are answer able for the expanding share.According to the investigation the market particularly the basic food item industry is driven by enormous grocery stores and goods to be specific ASDA, Safeway, Tesco and Sainsbury. Waitrose is one of the main staple goods in the United Kingdom. It has demonstrated significant development notwithstanding the monetary downturn that been influencing the business since the year 2001. The business has been doing fine with Waitrose working 137 stores, Tesco works 146 stores, ASDA works more than 100 stores over UK and the pattern is the equivalent for different organizations including Safeway and others. The PPG has made it hard to access away authorization for arranging. This has really risked the procedures by a portion of the organizations which needed to open new food and home super-focuses.

Saturday, August 15, 2020

Best Practices for Writing a Sales Script

Best Practices for Writing a Sales Script One of the most important aspects of any business is Sales. Besides manufacturing, finances, marketing and hiring, a lot of the company’s success and profits depend upon its ability to make sales. Most businesses, big or small are dependent on their salespersons to boost the sales, and one way to do so is by drafting excellent sales scripts. A sales script is a documented sequence of things that a sales representative says to a prospect during a sales call. © | Yuganov KonstantinIn this article, we shall learn 1) everything you need to know about a sales script and 2) best practices for writing sales skripts.SALES SCRIPT: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOWHave you ever answered a Sales call from a local service provider and paid attention to the things the sales representative had to say? Did the content seem scripted or was it a natural flow about the products and services being offered by the company? Well, a sales script is a pre-written and practiced script that sales representatives use to sell a product to prospects. It is a well-organized method and a documented content piece which enables them to make a smooth and error-free sales call in the endeavor to make sales. To convince someone to buy a product is not easy  at all since not everyone possesses the natural art of convincing people, and this is where a sales script proves useful. What it does is that it provides a step-by-step guide to sales representatives so th at they do not hesitate, go blank or make mistakes while talking to a potential customer.Most businesses, whether it is yours or mine, make use of sales scripts, but not all sales scripts are strong or effective enough to convince the prospect about the product, brand or services it offers. Having a sales script alone isn’t enough. It should be framed or written in such a way that it not only speaks about the product effectively but also infuses a sense of interest in the listeners. Moreover, the way the sales script is read or said also has a huge impact on its success. A well-crafted sales script is one which has a strong introduction, an informative body, and an effective closing.How a sales script can help improve your sales?A sales script is not only helpful or important for your sales representative to make a smooth sales pitch but is something that has a much bigger benefit. A well written and excellently executed sales script can actually help improve your overall sales. T he better the sales script will be, the more will the potential customers be convinced to buy the product or service, hence positively impacting the sales figures. The following are some ways in which a sales script can boost sales:Sales skipt can improve how you sound: With a well crafted and well-practiced sales script, you tend to sound more prepared and confident which has a huge impact on how your customer perceives you. Anyone who doesn’t have a script in hand may sound less confident, hesitant and may not be able to act on the spur of the moment. He/she may not sound as good as one who knows what he/she is going to say next and does it with a positive vibe. But the key to sounding good and not mechanical with a script in hand is to add your personality into it and a certain energy level.Sales skript can leave a better impression about your company and product: By improving the way you sound, a sales script betters the overall impression made on the prospects. Since with a s cript in hand, you can be more prepared, what you say sounds more polished and confident which immediately has an impact on the impression you are projecting. The more impressed the prospect will be with you and what you are offering, the higher will be the chances of making sales, thus helping in improving the overall sales figures.Skripts help you build rapport: When you have a sales script in hand which makes you totally confident and convinced, this helps to focus on developing a rapport with the potential buyers or clients. A prospect definitely has more respect and tolerance for someone who is good at his craft and forces. This in turn helps them to feel more comfortable while talking to you.Sales skripts help you reduce stress: When you are making a sales call that you know is really important, there can be high levels of stress and anxiety. This happens more in the case when you are unprepared and are relying on a spontaneous conversation. Being prepared and ready is thus th e key to reduce stress. And what is the better way to do this than by having a Sales Script ready? Sales scripts help you gain confidence and work calm and confident even in the case when the prospect shows tough resistance. If you already know how you are going to deal with each of the possible questions asked, then the stress levels are greatly reduced. Low stress has a better overall result and can definitely lead to more success.Sales skripts improve lead generation: Having a well-crafted and properly practiced sales script is not just helpful in building a rapport or leaving a good impression but also in improving lead generation. An effective sales call is more likely to generate more customer interest that in turn makes them sign up, enquire about a product, visit your website or leave in their contact details. Thus, the overall lead generation is improved, thus leading to more sales opportunities.More effective than not having one: A good sales script is not just about the p roper description of your brand or products but is about asking the prospects the right questions. Asking the right questions at the right time will better the overall communication and interaction that you have with them, and this will improve your effectiveness and productivity. Having a sales script improves consistency across sales team members, which has a good impact on the end results as well.BEST PRACTICES FOR WRITING A SALES SCRIPTNow that you know what a sales script is and how beneficial it is, it is time to know how to frame a very useful sales skript which not only sounds convincing but has all the ingredients that can boost the probability of closing a deal. An excellent sales script is an amalgamation of several ingredients clubbed together in the right quantities. But what are these ingredients and how should they be used? Well, the following given practices for writing a sales script will answer all these questions and more. So read on to find out:Pracitce #1.     A void asking too general questionsAbout 80% of sales calls start with an uncomfortable ‘Hi, How are you?’ While it is true that saying this opening sentence may come out of the natural instinct, but it is something that must be avoided. Not only does this sound extremely unsincere but takes away the chance of beginning with a better opening. This question almost always has the same response and could irritate a prospect who may be extremely busy at the moment you call them. Thus, such general questions are just a waste of time not only for you but also for your prospect. It breaks the rapport and rather has a negative and opposite impact to what you intend. It is rather better to start off with a strong line that immediately captures the interest of the prospect.Practice #2.     Ask for a few minutes of attentionThere is a high probability that your prospect may be mildly or very busy at the time you call him/her. It won’t be right to fire away with your sales script or pitch a s soon as they answer the call. It is both a matter of good manners as well as a conscious tactic to make sure the prospect has a few minutes to spare and is not extremely busy at the moment. Also, if the prospect’s attention is half divided, you won’t be able  anyway to fulfill the purpose you are meant to with your sales script.Practice #3.     Build interestAnother superb practice that is essential to writing and delivering a sales script is to build an initial interest. The sales script must not only deliver extremely useful and informative content about the products, services and brands but must do so in a way which leaves an element of intrigue and interest in the minds of the prospects. The interest level created must be close enough to the commitment that the prospect will proceed onto the next level in closing the deal.One of the best ways to build this interest is to give only the most attractive hints about the product and not the entire detail set of the features and functionality. The aim must be to focus on the value that the product or service is capable of offering. Try to paint a picture that matches the customer’s expectation of the product.Practice #4.     Learn from your customers when they talkIf it is only you who keeps doing all the talking during the sales call, then there will be no way to know what is on the mind of the prospect. This will not enable your potential buyers to divulge any information about them, their preferences, their choices and other things that matter. Thus, it is a good idea to get the customers talking by including smart and useful questions. The sales script must include a series of well-planned questions that will help you qualify or dis-qualify the prospects.Asking questions is a good way to have a two-way conversation that is engaging and useful to you. Some questions that you can include in your script are:Their budget;Reasons they will purchase;Reasons they will not purchase;How many people are involv ed in the decision-making process;What the decision-making process is all about.Knowing the answers to these questions will avoid pursuing a prospect who will definitely not buy and otherwise. Hence, it will lead to time and money  saving for your company.Practice #5.     Find a way to set yourself as a specialist or expertIf the prospective customers or potential buyers see you as an expert or specialist of your field, then he/she will automatically have more respect for you and will take you more serious. Thus in order to gain customer attention and make yourself be heard, it is important to set yourself as an expert by making use of phrases like ‘we are popular for’, ‘we specialize in’ or ‘customers across the world know us for’, and so on. You can also mention the name of some strong clients who are using your services so that the prospect can view you clearly and place you correctly. This not only helps the prospect know that you are familiar with what you do but wi ll also enable them to know that they are not dealing with someone who cannot be trusted.Practice #6.     Describe your product and its benefits authenticallyChances are high that your prospects may have attended a lot of sales calls, and they may be familiar with the way salespersons talk and to what lengths they go to sell products. You cannot take the risk of sounding like ‘one among the many’ salespersons out there, and the key here is to avoid sounding like one. When you sound like a typical salesperson who is only concerned with making sales then this may put off the prospect but on the other hand, if you bring in your personality to describe the product’s benefits and are less ’formal’ about it, then you may just hit the right chord with the prospects. Don’t be cold and superficial but be warmer, interested in what the prospect has to say and offer them a customized approach or solution.Practice #7.     Speak in the language of your prospectDo you want to attend a sales call and hear only technical terms that may be difficult for you to understand? Well, no prospect or customer is interested in hard to understand terms and descriptions about products or services. This is why, your sales script must be drafted using the most simple and plain language, put across at the right degree of casualness. A sales call is more about communication and interaction that is only possible if you speak in the language of the other person on the line. Adapt the sales script for the consumer you are speaking to and try to explain the product benefits very easy for the one you are talking to. The approach has to be authentic and personal, using terms like ‘this product can do this for you’, etc. The script must flow, and room must be left for it to be maneuvered depending on who you are talking to. Be prepared to change it here and there if needed and do not get stuck with the same message for each prospect.Practice #8.      Give your potential customer ti me to process the informationIf you keep speaking during the whole sales call and do not giving your prospect any time to process the information or consider whether or not he/she needs your products or services, then the entire purpose of the call will be unfulfilled. This is why it is important to draft the script in such a way that the potential customers have enough time to consider the choices and formulate their opinion. The script must have well-spaced sentences and vacant moments. It is important not to go too fast as most consumers who aren’t able to understand you are likely to hang the call in between.Practice #9.     Commit to continueThere must be a part in your sales script that focuses on the concept of C2C or Commit to Continue. Not leaving a way for your prospects to contact you back or not making an exact appointment with them to reach back again is one of the biggest mistakes sales representatives make. Rather than trying to sell the product here and now, try to set up a meeting, the next sales call or an appointment that will result in closing the deal. This is an effective way to ensure that your conversation isn’t too lengthy and that you bag a more effective way to talk about your product or give its trial.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Rochester s Radical Gender Roles - 1249 Words

Rochester’s Radical Gender Roles Many poets and authors of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries used their respective mediums to broach what were then considered to be taboo or radical subjects. The Oxford English Dictionary defines the word ‘radical’ as â€Å"supporting complete political or social reform. Departing from tradition; new† (Soanes 740). When using this definition, both Aphra Behn’s work, â€Å"The Disappointment† and John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester’s work, â€Å"The Imperfect Enjoyment† are easily interpreted as such. Both poems discuss sexuality and gender in new, sometimes shocking ways. Behn’s poem offers astoundingly liberal views on female sexuality, considering the time period. Despite the radical notions and expletives present, Rochester’s pushes the envelope further by exploring the extremely private issue of impotence and male sexual failure, using highly offensive language. In the year â€Å"The Disappointment† was written, traditional gender roles were still very important to society and generally adhered to. This means that men were expected not only to be ‘manly’, but to maintain a certain air of dignity and composure at all times, especially in front of women. For this reason, Rochester’s blatant disregard for social conventions in his brutally honest depiction of erectile dysfunction is simultaneously revolutionary and scandalous. To portray a male in a less-than-flattering light undermines the stereotypes society tried so hard to uphold and represents aShow MoreRelatedJane Eyre By Charlotte Bronte1714 Words   |  7 Pages Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brà ¶nte voiced the radical opinions of Brà ¶nte on religion, gender, and social class. Jane Eyre, a young orphan who lived with her vituperative aunt and cousins, strayed away from the Victorian ideals of a woman and established a new status for herself. 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Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Relationship between Reducing Stress and Upbeat Music

Relationship between reducing stress and upbeat (Pop) music This study examined the relationship between reducing stress and listening to upbeat (Pop) music. It was hypothesized that listening to upbeat (Pop) music would reduce stress and elicit happiness in the 420 female participants. Method Participants Four hundred and twenty women, ages 19 to 40 participated in the experiment. Women were selected as the primary participants for this study because when it comes to emotional display, they are often said to express more â€Å"powerless emotions (sadness, fear) and happiness more than men† (Safdar, Friedlmeier, Matsumoto, Yoo, Kwantes, Kakai, Shigemasu 2009.) The experiment was designed for people with at least a junior high school education, of any income, and ethnicity. 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Questions still exist as to the safety of complementary and alternative medicine (otherwise known as CAM), which are an integral part of holisticRead MoreDieting Makes People Fat Essay19490 Words   |  78 Pages WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE DOLL? For me, my favorite doll is stitch. Stitch,aka experiment 626, is one mischievous alien!. Thankfully, he has Lilo around to calm him down. Maybe someday hell know the different between good or bad.I really love him  . Lilo amp; Stitch is a 2002 American animated science fiction/family film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released on June 21, 2002.   Kullasatree 010 3EN   WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE DRINK? I love to drink strawberry yogurt smoothie about 2-3Read MoreEncouraging the Heart10264 Words   |  42 Pagesthey ever thought possible. This, indeed, may be our ultimate mission as leaders. To awaken vitality in others . . leaders have to cross a certain boundary between themselves and their associates. 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Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesPolitics 411 Conflict and Negotiation 445 Foundations of Organization Structure 479 v vi BRIEF CONTENTS 4 The Organization System 16 Organizational Culture 511 17 Human Resource Policies and Practices 543 18 Organizational Change and Stress Management 577 Appendix A Research in Organizational Behavior Comprehensive Cases Indexes Glindex 637 663 616 623 Contents Preface xxii 1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Importance of InterpersonalRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pages978-0-13-612100-8 B R I E F TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S Preface xvii Introduction 1 PART I 1 2 3 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 Developing Self-Awareness 45 Managing Personal Stress 105 Solving Problems Analytically and Creatively 167 PART II 4 5 6 7 INTERPERSONAL SKILLS 232 233 Building Relationships by Communicating Supportively Gaining Power and Influence 279 Motivating Others 323 Managing Conflict 373 PART III GROUP SKILLS 438 8 Empowering and Delegating 439 9 BuildingRead MorePlenary Session69346 Words   |  278 Pagesmore likely to: a. Do it the usual way b. Do it your own way 17. Writers should: a. â€Å"Say what they mean and mean what they say† b. Express things more by use of analogy 18. Which appeals to you more: a. Consistency of thought b. Harmonious human relationships 19. Are you more comfortable in making: a. Logical judgments b. Value judgments 20. Do you want things: a. Settled and decided b. Unsettled and undecided 21. Would you say you are more: a. Serious and determined b. Easy-going 22. In phoning doRead MoreDevelopmental Psychology14082 Words   |  57 PagesInformation Processing Approach Vygotsky’s social theory focuses on how culture (values, beliefs, customs and skills of a social group) is transmitted to the next generation. According to Vygotsky, social interaction (especially co-operative dialogues between children and more knowledgeable members of society) is necessary for children to acquire the ways of thinking and behaving that make up a community’s culture. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Derived Classes and Base Classes Free Essays

Derived Classes and Base Classes Mario Padilla IT/218 September 2, 2011 University of Phoenix/Axia College Derived Classes and Base Classes Considering that the ostrich is a flightless bird, it is reasonable to derive a class CHawk from CBird, but not a COstrich. This is mainly because the function fly () sets an altitude of 100 and, as everyone knows, the ostrich cannot fly. If we had to derive COstrich from CBird probably need to provide a function fly () to return 0, and this could break existing code, which sets the altitude to 100. We will write a custom essay sample on Derived Classes and Base Classes or any similar topic only for you Order Now This could be a derivation of a class avian; class CAvian { protected: int wingSpan; nt eggSize; }; class CFlyingBird : public CAvian { protected: int airSpeed; int altitude; public: virtual void fly() { altitude = 100; } }; class CFlightlessBird : public CAvian { // Arguments involving flightless birds }; class CHawk: public CFlyingBird { }; class COstrich : public CFlightlessBird { }; One of the main properties of the classes is inheritance. This property allows us to create new classes from existing classes, retaining the properties of the original class and adding new ones. Each new class obtained through inheritance is known as derived class, and classes from which it derives are called base classes. In addition, each derived class can be used as a base class for a new derived class. And each derived class can be one or more base classes. In the latter case are referred to bypass manifold. This allows us to create a class hierarchy as complex as necessary. Well, but what are the advantages derived classes? Actually, that’s the principle of object oriented programming. This property allows us to encapsulate different parts of any real or imaginary object, and links to objects made of the same basic type, will inherit all its features. How to cite Derived Classes and Base Classes, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Genetically Modified Organism free essay sample

A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using techniques in genetics generally known as recombinant DNA technology. Viruses, bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals are all examples of organisms that have been engineered so that they contain genes from at least on unrelated organism. To create a genetically modified organism a molecule from a different source are combined into another molecule to create a new set of genes. One example of a genetically modified organism is the monkey named ANDi created in 2000. He carries the gene for a green fluorescent protein derived from Jellyfish called the GFP gene. What are three current uses of these organisms? Genetically modified organisms are mostly known for uses in agriculture and crops but are also used for pharmaceutical uses, and in biological and medical research. GMO’s are used in crops such as corn because they have been modified in a way that they have somewhat become pest resistant and herbicide tolerant. We will write a custom essay sample on Genetically Modified Organism or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In making our crops pest resistant there are less crop losses and it also helps in elimination of having to apply chemical pesticides. Crops that contain GMO’s can also be engineered to be resistant to certain herbicides with helps in preventing environmental damage by reducing the amount of herbicides needed. As far as GMO’s in pharmaceuticals and medical research, we are now able to clone the genes necessary to create insulin whereas we used to have to harvest it from the pancreas of killed animals. They are also in the process of developing edible vaccines in tomatoes and potatoes to make medicines and vaccines easier to ship, store, administer, and to make them cost less. Scientists have also created a GMO (lactase) that is added to dairy products so consumers that are lactose intolerant can still enjoy those items. What types of genetic modifications could we support and why? Genetic modifications that could be supported are in agriculture and medicine. If GMO’s in agriculture became better supported, famers would be able to create more crops that are better pest resistant. Creating more pest resistant crops would help ensure that consumers don’t consume pesticides and that run-off of agricultural wastes from excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers don’t poison water supply or cause harm to the environment. Some crops could also be modified so they are resistant to certain herbicides. This will help prevent environmental damage by reducing the amount of herbicides needed. There is also research that genetically modifying seedlings with an antifreeze gene from cold-water fish will make the seedlings more tolerant to cold temperatures. Nutrition has become a large concern in today’s world, especially third world companies. Supporting genetic modifications of certain seeds and plants can help Malnutrition. Farmers won’t have to rely on only one crop to feed a village or family and with medical advances they are working on finding a way to make beans and rice engineered to contain addition vitamins and minerals to alleviate nutrient deficiencies. With research and GMO’s in medicine we have been able to make discoveries that can help illnesses that people are diagnosed with everyday such as diabetes (creating insulin) and lactose intolerant (created lactase enzyme). Making these advances helps alleviate medical issues and can help scientists in getting closer to finding cures for larger diseases and medical issues such as cancer and AIDS. In sum, GMO has made it possible for researchers and scientists to find ways to make foods such as turnips to produce an antiviral agent, for tobacco to create antibodies that help fight against human disease, to make crops more productive and environmentally friendly, and ways to create enzymes and medicines to help cure people. What types could be reduced or eliminated and why? There is big controversy and criticism against GMO’s and if they should be allowed. One of the big ones is should cloning of animals and humans be allowed? Cloning of animals/humans means one will become genetically altered. As mentioned above the monkey ANDi is a GMO that contains a gene from a jellyfish. Although scientists have done this there is much more research that needs to be done on the benefits and safety of cloning. Much of what is done is trial and error. When it comes to someone or something’s life the subject shouldn’t be taken so lightly. There is also the controversy on should we eat genetically modified animals that were cloned for our consumption. Until there is more research and evidence that shows the safety of eating a cloned animal or drinking cloned cows milk, it is best to stay away. Who knows if the hormones given to the cows will pass through and affect humans!